Bunions can be treated with both non-surgical and surgical methods.
Non-surgical options include:
- Wearing comfortable and wide shoes that have enough room for the toes.
- Using bunion pads or splints to help realign the toe and reduce pain.
- Applying ice to the bunion to reduce pain and inflammation.
- Taking over-the-counter pain medication such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen.
- Physical therapy to help increase flexibility and strength in the foot.
Surgical options include:
- Osteotomy: This procedure involves cutting and realigning the bone to correct the misalignment.
- Exostectomy: This procedure involves removing the bony protrusion.
- Arthrodesis: This procedure involves fusing the joint to correct the misalignment and alleviate pain.
- Arthroplasty: This procedure involves removing the damaged joint surfaces and replacing them with artificial joint surfaces.
It's important to note that surgery can have some risks and complications such as infection, nerve damage, and chronic pain. It is recommended to consult with a board-certified foot and ankle surgeon to determine if surgery is the best option for you and to understand the risks, benefits and recovery process.
In general, conservative treatment options are recommended before considering surgery as they are less invasive and have less risk of complications. However, surgery may be necessary in severe cases or when conservative treatment options are no longer effective.