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bunion vs bone spur

A bunion and a bone spur are two different conditions that affect the foot, although they can be related.

A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. This bump is caused by the displacement of the bone and tissue at the joint, which leads to a protrusion on the side of the foot. Bunions can be caused by genetics, foot injuries, and certain types of shoes that don't fit properly. Symptoms can include pain, inflammation, and difficulty walking.

A bone spur, also known as an osteophyte, is a small bony growth that forms on the edge of a bone. These growths can occur anywhere in the body, but they are common in the feet and ankles. They are often caused by long-term stress on a joint, such as from osteoarthritis, or from repetitive motion. Symptoms of bone spurs can include pain, inflammation, and difficulty walking.

In some cases, a bunion can cause a bone spur to develop on the big toe joint as the bunion can change the mechanics of the joint, causing increased pressure on the joint, leading to a bone spur formation.

Treatment for both conditions is similar and include wearing shoes with a wide toe box, using padding or cushioning to protect the affected area, and in some cases surgery may be necessary to correct the underlying problem. In addition, physical therapy, orthotics, and medications such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) can be used to relieve pain and inflammation.