A bunion, also known as hallux valgus, is a bony protrusion that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It is caused by an abnormal alignment of the bones in the foot, resulting in the big toe moving towards the other toes. This can cause the joint at the base of the big toe to stick out, leading to a bony bump on the side of the foot. Bunions can be painful and can make it difficult to walk or wear shoes.
Symptoms of a bunion can include:
- Pain or discomfort in the big toe joint, especially when wearing shoes
- Swelling, redness, or soreness around the big toe joint
- A bony bump on the side of the foot
- Calluses or corns on the side or top of the big toe joint
- A change in the shape of the foot, with the big toe appearing to be angled towards the other toes
Bunions can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, foot injuries, or arthritis, and they can be made worse by wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes. Treatment options include wearing shoes with a wide toe box, using shoe inserts or padding, physical therapy, and in severe cases, surgery. It's important to see a doctor or podiatrist to determine the best course of treatment for your individual condition.