Bunion surgery, also known as bunionectomy, is a procedure that is performed to correct a bunion, which is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. The goal of bunion surgery is to realign the bones in the affected area and alleviate pain and discomfort caused by the bunion. There are several different surgical techniques that can be used to correct a bunion, and the specific procedure that is used will depend on the individual case and the patient's goals. Some of the most common types of bunion surgery include: -Removal of the bunion (exostectomy) -Realignment of the big toe (osteotomy) -Removal of the bunion and realignment of the big toe (combined exostectomy and osteotomy) -Fusion of the bones in the big toe (arthrodesis)
Recovery time can vary depending on the type of surgery and the individual patient, but most people can expect to be able to return to normal activities within several weeks to several months. Physical therapy may also be prescribed to help regain range of motion and strength in the foot. It's important to keep in mind that even with surgery, the bunion may return if the underlying cause is not addressed. It's important to consult with a specialist surgeon to discuss the options, risks, benefits and recovery times of the different types of bunion surgery.