A bunion is a deformity of the joint at the base of the big toe, that causes the big toe to angle towards the second toe, resulting in a bump or protrusion on the side of the big toe joint. This can be caused by a number of factors, including genetics, foot mechanics, trauma, rheumatoid arthritis, and ill-fitting shoes.
The bunion itself can cause a number of symptoms, including pain and discomfort, redness and inflammation, and difficulty wearing shoes. In severe cases, the big toe may become stiff and difficult to move, and the bunion may become larger and more prominent over time.
Bunions can also lead to other foot conditions such as calluses, hammertoes, and metatarsalgia (pain in the ball of the foot).
Treatment options for bunions may include changes to footwear, padding or taping, exercises, and in some cases, surgery. It's important to consult a doctor or a podiatrist for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan. It's also important to remember that it's not always possible to prevent bunions from developing and early detection is key to prevent it from getting worse.