Bunion pain is caused by the displacement of the bones in the big toe joint, leading to the formation of a bony protrusion or bump at the base of the big toe. This can cause pain, redness, and swelling in the area, and can make it difficult to walk or find shoes that fit comfortably. The pain can range from mild to severe and can be constant or intermittent. Common symptoms associated with bunion pain include:
- Pain or aching in the big toe joint, especially when wearing tight or ill-fitting shoes
- Swelling, redness, or soreness around the bunion
- Stiffness in the big toe joint
- Numbness or tingling in the big toe or foot
- Difficulty walking or standing for long periods of time
- Corns or calluses on the toes, due to the shoe rubbing on the bunion
It's important to note that bunion pain can be caused by various factors, such as genetics, ill-fitting shoes, and certain medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis. Therefore, it's best to consult with a podiatrist or orthopedic surgeon for a proper diagnosis and treatment plan.