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bunion vs hallux valgus

A bunion and hallux valgus are related but distinct conditions that affect the joint at the base of the big toe.

A bunion is a bony bump that forms on the joint at the base of the big toe. It is caused by the big toe pushing against the second toe, which can lead to the joint becoming swollen and painful.

Hallux valgus, also known as a "bunion deformity" is a condition where the big toe deviates towards the second toe. This condition can cause the bone at the base of the big toe to protrude outward, creating the bony bump known as a bunion. It is caused by an imbalance of the muscles and tendons in the foot, which leads to the big toe drifting out of alignment. The deformity occurs over time and is common in people with flat feet or those who wear tight or ill-fitting shoes.

Hallux valgus can cause pain, difficulty fitting into shoes, and difficulty walking. It is also a common cause of bunion formation. Both conditions can be treated with changes in footwear, padding, and exercises to improve foot and toe strength. In severe cases, surgical intervention may be required to correct the deformity and alleviate pain.